In this section we demonstrate how to prepare an environment with PyTorch.

MMSegmentation works on Linux, Windows and macOS. It requires Python 3.6+, CUDA 9.2+ and PyTorch 1.3+.


If you are experienced with PyTorch and have already installed it, just skip this part and jump to the next section. Otherwise, you can follow these steps for the preparation.

Step 0. Download and install Miniconda from the official website.

Step 1. Create a conda environment and activate it.

conda create --name openmmlab python=3.8 -y
conda activate openmmlab

Step 2. Install PyTorch following official instructions, e.g.

On GPU platforms:

conda install pytorch torchvision -c pytorch

On CPU platforms:

conda install pytorch torchvision cpuonly -c pytorch


We recommend that users follow our best practices to install MMSegmentation. However, the whole process is highly customizable. See Customize Installation section for more information.

Best Practices

Step 0. Install MMCV using MIM.

pip install -U openmim
mim install mmcv-full

Step 1. Install MMSegmentation.

Case a: If you develop and run mmseg directly, install it from source:

git clone
cd mmsegmentation
pip install -v -e .
# "-v" means verbose, or more output
# "-e" means installing a project in editable mode,
# thus any local modifications made to the code will take effect without reinstallation.

Case b: If you use mmsegmentation as a dependency or third-party package, install it with pip:

pip install mmsegmentation

Verify the installation

To verify whether MMSegmentation is installed correctly, we provide some sample codes to run an inference demo.

Step 1. We need to download config and checkpoint files.

mim download mmsegmentation --config pspnet_r50-d8_512x1024_40k_cityscapes --dest .

The downloading will take several seconds or more, depending on your network environment. When it is done, you will find two files and pspnet_r50-d8_512x1024_40k_cityscapes_20200605_003338-2966598c.pth in your current folder.

Step 2. Verify the inference demo.

Option (a). If you install mmsegmentation from source, just run the following command.

python demo/ demo/demo.png configs/pspnet/ pspnet_r50-d8_512x1024_40k_cityscapes_20200605_003338-2966598c.pth --device cuda:0 --out-file result.jpg

You will see a new image result.jpg on your current folder, where segmentation masks are covered on all objects.

Option (b). If you install mmsegmentation with pip, open you python interpreter and copy&paste the following codes.

from mmseg.apis import inference_segmentor, init_segmentor
import mmcv

config_file = ''
checkpoint_file = 'pspnet_r50-d8_512x1024_40k_cityscapes_20200605_003338-2966598c.pth'

# build the model from a config file and a checkpoint file
model = init_segmentor(config_file, checkpoint_file, device='cuda:0')

# test a single image and show the results
img = 'test.jpg'  # or img = mmcv.imread(img), which will only load it once
result = inference_segmentor(model, img)
# visualize the results in a new window
model.show_result(img, result, show=True)
# or save the visualization results to image files
# you can change the opacity of the painted segmentation map in (0, 1].
model.show_result(img, result, out_file='result.jpg', opacity=0.5)

# test a video and show the results
video = mmcv.VideoReader('video.mp4')
for frame in video:
   result = inference_segmentor(model, frame)
   model.show_result(frame, result, wait_time=1)

You can modify the code above to test a single image or a video, both of these options can verify that the installation was successful.

Customize Installation

CUDA versions

When installing PyTorch, you need to specify the version of CUDA. If you are not clear on which to choose, follow our recommendations:

  • For Ampere-based NVIDIA GPUs, such as GeForce 30 series and NVIDIA A100, CUDA 11 is a must.

  • For older NVIDIA GPUs, CUDA 11 is backward compatible, but CUDA 10.2 offers better compatibility and is more lightweight.

Please make sure the GPU driver satisfies the minimum version requirements. See this table for more information.


Installing CUDA runtime libraries is enough if you follow our best practices, because no CUDA code will be compiled locally. However if you hope to compile MMCV from source or develop other CUDA operators, you need to install the complete CUDA toolkit from NVIDIA’s website, and its version should match the CUDA version of PyTorch. i.e., the specified version of cudatoolkit in conda install command.

Install MMCV without MIM

MMCV contains C++ and CUDA extensions, thus depending on PyTorch in a complex way. MIM solves such dependencies automatically and makes the installation easier. However, it is not a must.

To install MMCV with pip instead of MIM, please follow MMCV installation guides. This requires manually specifying a find-url based on PyTorch version and its CUDA version.

For example, the following command install mmcv-full built for PyTorch 1.10.x and CUDA 11.3.

pip install mmcv-full -f

Install on CPU-only platforms

MMSegmentation can be built for CPU only environment. In CPU mode you can train (requires MMCV version >= 1.4.4), test or inference a model.

Install on Google Colab

Google Colab usually has PyTorch installed, thus we only need to install MMCV and MMSegmentation with the following commands.

Step 1. Install MMCV using MIM.

!pip3 install openmim
!mim install mmcv-full

Step 2. Install MMSegmentation from the source.

!git clone
%cd mmsegmentation
!pip install -e .

Step 3. Verification.

import mmseg
# Example output: 0.24.1


Within Jupyter, the exclamation mark ! is used to call external executables and %cd is a magic command to change the current working directory of Python.

Using MMSegmentation with Docker

We provide a Dockerfile to build an image. Ensure that your docker version >=19.03.

# build an image with PyTorch 1.11, CUDA 11.3
# If you prefer other versions, just modified the Dockerfile
docker build -t mmsegmentation docker/

Run it with

docker run --gpus all --shm-size=8g -it -v {DATA_DIR}:/mmsegmentation/data mmsegmentation

Trouble shooting

If you have some issues during the installation, please first view the FAQ page. You may open an issue on GitHub if no solution is found.

Read the Docs v: latest
On Read the Docs
Project Home

Free document hosting provided by Read the Docs.